In the early 20th Century, the ‘Modernism’ movement dominated the art world. Artists rejected old methods of traditional pictorial painting or drawing in favour of different techniques. This was the age of machines, with World Wars fuelling the development of technology and heavy industrial machines to perform labour.

The change in image making techniques lead many artists to experiment in the field of photography. Often inspired by the industrial environment growing around them, the new materials and processes available, led many to create stark or engineered pieces. Their abstract nature often led to metaphorical works with transcending literal meanings. Movements within Modernism, such as Dada, let their art be more elemental and moving back to photography’s roots in the photogram.

Many of the artists who used the photogram enjoyed the direct relationship between the light, objects and paper. The focus of their art was on studying the form, texture, shape and line objects have and how these can be presented in an abstract and non-representational way. Using their skills and talents some were able to produce some stunning images.